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ELBOW
Elbow joints include ulnohumeral, radiohumeral and superior radioulnar joints. Numerous ligaments surround the joint capsule. The elbow joint itself is a simple hinge joint, consisting of the humerus, ulna and radius. The humerus and ulna bone shaft form an angle, called the "carrying angle". Normal carrying range angle is about 10˘X to 15˘X, with a higher degree among females than males on average.
Common problems | Tennis elbow | Olecranon process fracture | Olecranon bursitis
Common problems
Most problems occur on the medial and lateral epicondyles of the humerus, which are the proximal muscle attachment points for the wrist extensors and flexors. Golferˇ¦s Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis) involves the wrist flexors while Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) involves the wrist extensors. The conditions are so-named because of the impact force and soft-tissue injury generated or caused by the respective differences between golf and tennis swings. Even though both are referred to as ˇ§-itis,ˇ¨ the disease is not technically an inflammation, but a micro-defect on the tendon and its sheath. Other problems include olecranon process fracture, dislocation and olecranon bursitis. The medial ligaments suffer excessive valgus force during throwing exercise, and the lateral side receives the compressive force at the same time.


The orthosis for the elbow helps resolve tennis and golf elbow problems. Provides ideal compression force and retains heat to break adhesions of the soft tissue.